Casa Rossa Ximenes Museum

Picturesque entrance portal to the Diaccia Botrona reserve

From the mid-eighteenth century onwards, the Grand Dukes of Lorena encouraged numerous recovery and reclamation initiatives, which helped improve the living conditions in Tuscany.
The Lorraine family, as well as the Medicis, played a very important role in the growth and development of this region. They were great patrons and enlightened politicians, who surrounded themselves with the best artists, architects and scientists of their time. Among their most significant reforms was the abolition of torture and the death penalty, following the principles of Cesare Beccaria.

Casa Rossa Ximenes was built by Leonardo Ximenes, a Jesuit engineer and mathematician, in 1765, on the commission of Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo, who undertook the first reclamation works in Maremma.

The architectural structure still preserves the sluice gates that regulated the flows of water. The structure is used as a museum of local natural history.

The internal and external spaces still contain characteristic technological structures such as enclosures, bulkheads and various types of gears, all in working order although not used.

“Casa Rossa Ximenes” Museum